Top 9 how to use a hydroponic system

Below is the best information and knowledge about how to use a hydroponic system compiled and compiled by the team, along with other related topics such as:: Hydroponic system, hydroponic setup diagram, how to start a hydroponic garden, how to build a cheap hydroponic system, how to grow hydroponics for beginners, hydroponic grow system, hydroponics for beginners vegetables, hydroponics for beginners pdf.

how to use a hydroponic system

Image for keyword: how to use a hydroponic system

The most popular articles about how to use a hydroponic system

How to build your own hydroponic system: a beginners guide

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 3 ⭐ (17639 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 3 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 1 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about How to build your own hydroponic system: a beginners guide Kale growing in my simple homemade hydroponic system … Using his knowledge of building and maintaining indoor hydroponic systems he is on …

  • Match the search results: There are a lot of different hydroponic systems, (check out my previous blog explaining them). In this blog we are going to cover the simplest one to understand. I’m going to explain how a Deep Water Culture hydroponic system works and how you can build one for yourself in no time at all.

  • Quote from the source:

Hydroponic Systems: How They Work and How To Build Your …

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 4 ⭐ (25255 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 4 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 2 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Hydroponic Systems: How They Work and How To Build Your … Plants are grown in channels that have a nutrient solution pumping through them and constantly running along the bottom of the channel. When the solution …

  • Match the search results: Simply put, hydroponics is the practice of growing plants using only water, nutrients, and a growing medium. The word hydroponics comes from the roots “hydro”, meaning water, and “ponos”, meaning labor, this method of gardening does not use soil.​

  • Quote from the source:

6 Types of Hydroponic Systems Explained – Sensorex

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 3 ⭐ (4076 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 3 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 1 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about 6 Types of Hydroponic Systems Explained – Sensorex Hydroponics is an effective method for growing plants that places the plants in a water solution that’s rich in nutrients. Instead of using soil …

  • Match the search results: Hydroponics is an increasingly popular method of growing plants that uses a nutrient-rich solution with a water base, which means that soil isn’t used at all in a hydroponics system. Instead, the roots of the plants are supported by such substances as peat moss, clay pellets, perlite, and rock…

  • Quote from the source:

Everything You Need to Know about Hydroponic Indoor …

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 3 ⭐ (11986 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 3 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 1 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Everything You Need to Know about Hydroponic Indoor … A plant growing in a hydroponic system can grow around 30% faster than a plant grown in traditional soil. · A hydroponic system can use as much as 95% less water …

  • Match the search results: A wicking system is the most basic hydroponic system around and it's great for getting started in hydroponics. It has been called the "training wheels of the hydroponic world" and for good reason. It's easy to set up and use, making it the perfect system for first-timers.

  • Quote from the source:

Hydroponic gardening for beginners

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 4 ⭐ (35934 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 4 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 2 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Hydroponic gardening for beginners The purpose of a growing medium is to aerate and support the root system of the plant and to channel the water and nutrients. Different growing mediums work …

  • Match the search results: Hydroponics is proved to have several advantages over soil gardening. The growth
    rate on a hydroponic plant is 30-50 percent faster than a soil plant, grown under
    the same conditions. The yield of the plant is also greater. Scientists believe
    that there are several reasons for the drastic diff…

  • Quote from the source:

Hydroponic Systems – Different Types and How They Work

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 3 ⭐ (5526 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 3 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 1 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Hydroponic Systems – Different Types and How They Work How it works: Plants are placed in a net pot, hung by a floating platform. Parts of the roots are submerged in the water while the rest are …

  • Match the search results: Hydroponic systems can be either active or passive. Active means that nutrient solutions will be moved, usually by a pump. Passive relies on a wick or the anchor of the growing media. Hydroponic systems are also characterized as recovery or non-recovery. Recovery means the nutrient solution will be …

  • Quote from the source:

Advantages & Disadvantages of Hydroponics |

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 4 ⭐ (31767 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 4 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 2 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Advantages & Disadvantages of Hydroponics | How Does a Hydroponics System Work? Hydroponics. While plant growth involves many metabolic processes, plants grow …

  • Match the search results: If you’re thinking of embarking on a hydroponics project, you’ll first need to learn the fundamental concepts of growing plants hydroponically. On this page, you’ll discover the basics of hydroponics as well as the advantages and disadvantages of using a hydroponics system.

  • Quote from the source:

Small-scale hydroponics | UMN Extension

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 4 ⭐ (28664 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 4 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 2 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Small-scale hydroponics | UMN Extension Hydroponics uses less water than traditional soil-based systems. … A space-efficient hydroponic A-Frame using PVC tubes and a vertical frame.

  • Match the search results: While growing in a hydroponic system can protect your plants from many soil-borne pathogens, we still see plenty of disease problems in hydroponics. Some of the most common pathogens we found in a survey of Minnesota hydroponics farms were powdery mildew, downy mildew, and root rots. 

  • Quote from the source:

Hydroponics: A Brief Guide to Growing Food Without Soil

  • Author:

  • Evaluate 3 ⭐ (14717 Ratings)

  • Top rated: 3 ⭐

  • Lowest rating: 1 ⭐

  • Summary: Articles about Hydroponics: A Brief Guide to Growing Food Without Soil In a closed system, the surplus nutrient solution is recovered, recharged and recycled through the system. Water-culture systems use one of the following three …

  • Match the search results: Hydroponics has been adapted to many situations over a relatively short time period. In the future, areas suffering from drought may use desalinated seawater in hydroponic systems and could, therefore, provide food in areas along coasts, in deserts and in developing countries. Astronauts are already…

  • Quote from the source:

Multi-read content how to use a hydroponic system

Quick Browsing

  • What is hydroponics and how does it work?
  • Advantage
  • Types of Hydroponic Systems
  • Permeation Systems Deep Water Culture (DWC) Systems Nutrient Film Engineering (NFT) Systems Drainage and Flow/Flood Systems and Drainage Systems Aeroponic Systems Drainage Systems
  • All articles about hydroponic systems

It can be very confusing to start growing plants in water. Understanding how it all works, how to choose a system, what to develop and even HOW to develop are all challenges.

This guide will give you everything you need to know about the basic types of hydroponics systems:

  • The main types of hydroponic systems, including their pros and cons
  • An example of construction for each type of hydroponic system
  • Video tutorials for each system

This is a long and in-depth article, so if you want to know more about a particular section, just use the table of contents below to jump to the section you want. Otherwise, read on!

What is hydroponics and how does it work?

From my article onhistory of hydroponics:

Simply put, hydroponics is a method of growing plants using only water, nutrients, and growth substances. The word hydroponics comes from the roots “hydro”, meaning water, and “ponos”, meaning work, this method of gardening does not use soil.

Instead of soil, hydroponic gardeners usetypes of growing media, likecoconut fiber, vermiculite, perlite, etc.

In a nutshell, the idea behind hydroponics is to remove as much of the barrier between a plant’s roots and the water, oxygen, and nutrients it needs to grow (and thrive) as much as possible.

This can be done in a variety of ways, so we’re going to look at the different types of systems you can use to grow hydroponically – but first, let’s understand the pros and cons of growing without soil.


The most obvious benefit of hydroponic gardening is the growth rate of most plants. It is not uncommon for a plant to grow at least 20% faster than in gardening in the ground. On top of that, crops will usually yield at least 25% more than plants grown in soil.

Comparison of hydroponics and soil for Holland Hybrid tomatoes. The source

This happens because you’re making it easier for them to get the nutrients they need to grow. When they struggle less to find pockets of water or nutrients like they do in soil, they can channel that energy into growth.

It’s important to remember that you only get these benefits if you set up and maintain your hydroponic garden carefully.

looking for more information:Hydroponics against soil


The biggest disadvantage of hydroponics is the cost of purchasing the system. However, my goal is to teach you how to build most of these systems yourself if you wish, which can reduce costs.

Another downside is the experience required to operate a system successfully. It’s not that difficult, but it’s definitely more difficult than growing the same plant in the ground. In effect, you’re creating an artificial environment in which you provide water, nutrients, light, and everything the plants need – which means you need to monitor those inputs as well.

If any of these things are out of balance or you have an equipment problem like a pump failure, your whole garden could be in jeopardy.

Types of Hydroponic Systems

There are six main types of hydroponic systems to choose from:

  • Wick system
  • Deep Water Culture (DWC)
  • Nutrition film technique (NFT).
  • Ebb and flow (floods and sewers)
  • Aeroponics
  • Drip system

polishing system

The wick system is the most basic type of hydro system you can build. It has been used for thousands of years, although it was not considered a hydroponic system back then.

Hydroponic Wick SystemThe inner workings of the wick system. The source

It’s called passive hydroponics, which means you don’t need air or water pumps to use it.

Nutrients and water are moved into the root zone of the plant through a wick, usually something as simple as a rope or piece of felt.

One of the keys to success with a wick system is to use a potting mix that transports water and nutrients well. Good options include coir, perlite, or vermiculite.

Wick systems are suitable for smaller plants that don’t use as much water or nutrients. Larger plants may have difficulty getting enough plants through a simple wicking system.

Advantages of the Wick system

  • Really “convenient” if you configure it correctly
  • Ideal for small plants, beginner gardeners and children

Disadvantages of the Wick system

  • Not good for large trees
  • Improper wick placement or material can kill your tree

For more, learn how to buildtwo liter bottle gardenor watch my video tutorial:

Deep Water Culture System (DWC)

Deep Water Farming, which I will call DWC from now on, is the easiest type of hydro system to use.

How a Deep Water Culture (DWC) system works.How the Deep Water Culture (DWC) system works.

In a DWC system, you use a reservoir to store the nutrient solution. Your plant’s roots are suspended in this solution so that they receive a constant supply of water, oxygen and nutrients.

To oxygenate the water, you use an inflatable pump with an air stone to pump air bubbles into the nutrient solution. This prevents your plant’s roots from being submerged in water – a strange thing to think about, but it can (and does) happen to many hydroponic gardening beginners.

Your plants are usually placed in mesh pots placed in foam board or on top of the container you use for your reservoir. With a bit of hydroponics added to your mesh pots, they provide a home for your plant’s root and stem systems to start.

Benefits of Deep Water Culture

  • Very cheap and easy to make at home
  • Extremely low maintenance
  • Cyclic, so fewer wasted inputs

The dark side of deep water culture

  • Doesn’t work well for large plants
  • Does not work well for crops with a long growing period

To find out more about:

  • To verify
  • Detailed Guide to Deep Water Culture
  • or watch my video tutorial:
  • Check out my video tutorial below:

Nutritional Film Technique (NFT) System

The nutrient film technique, which I will call NFT, is a popular commercial hydroponic system.

Nutrient Film Technique SystemThe easiest way to set up an NFT system.

Plants are grown in canals with nutrient solution pumped through them and continuously flowing down the bottom of the canal. When the solution reaches the end of the channel, it falls back into the main tank and is again returned to the starting point of the system. This makes it a recirculating system, much like deep water farming.

Unlike deep water culture, your plant’s roots are not completely submerged in the NFT system – hence the “film” part of the system’s name.

Plants are placed in these channels using screened pots and growing media and can be replaced or harvested one at a time. INHABIT

Advantages of the nutrition film technique

  • Minimum planting material required
  • Recirculation system means less waste

The reverse side of the nutrition film technique

  • Pump failure of any kind can completely ruin your harvest
  • Roots can invade and clog canals

To find out more, seeIn-Depth Nutrition Film Technical Guideor watch my video tutorial:

Flow/Flood Infrastructure and Systems and Drainage

The Ebb and Flow system, also known as Flood and Drain, is a less common system. But they are still quite effective and may be the best option depending on your situation.

Ebb and Flow SystemAn example of a commercial flood drainage system. The source

Unlike the previous two hydro systems we mentioned, an ebb and flow system does not expose your plants’ roots to the nutrient solution on a constant basis.

Instead, you plant in a tray filled with potting soil. The tray is “flooded” in your nutrient solution a few times a day, depending on factors such as:

  • Size of your tree
  • Crop water needs
  • Air temperature
  • Where are your plants in their growth cycle?
  • …And much more

Flooding is achieved using a tank under the deck, a water pump and a timer to program the flooding cycle.

Once the tray is flooded, gravity pulls the solution back to the reservoir, where it is oxygenated by an air pump and air ice. He lay there waiting for the next round of flooding, and the process continued.

Hydroponic growers choose top-down and stream systems because of their flexibility. Most will fill the tray with their potting soil of choice and also add mesh pots for a little more plant arrangement and root control.

Benefits of ebb and flow

  • Efficient use of water and energy
  • Highly customizable to your specific needs

Ebb and Flow Coaster

  • Roots can dry out quickly if environmental conditions turn off or if the pump or timer fails
  • Use plenty of planting material

To find out more, seeIn-depth flow and reduction system guidanceor watch my video tutorial:

Aeroponic system

Aeroponic systems are the most “high-tech” hydroponic setup you can build. But they’re not that complicated once you understand how they work.

Aeroponic SystemA simple aeroponic system you can build at home.

Aeroponic systems are similar to NFT systems in that plant roots are mostly airborne. The difference is that an aeroponic system achieves this by continuously misting the root zone with the nutrient solution instead of running a thin film of the nutrient solution down the channel.

Some growers prefer periodic misting like an up and down misting system, but the cycle is much shorter, usually waiting a few minutes between each misting. You can also spray continuously and use a finer sprayer to ensure more oxygen reaches the root zone.

Aeroponic systems have been shown to grow plants even faster than some simpler systems such as deep water culture, but this has not been verified in all cases. If you want to experiment with this system, you will need specialized nozzles to spray the nutrient solution.

The benefits of aeroponics

  • Roots are generally exposed to more oxygen than submerged root systems

The flip side of aeroponics

  • High pressure nozzles can fail and roots can dry out
  • Not as cheap or easy to install as other methods

To learn more, watch the video tutorial:

Drip system

Drip systems are extremely common on commercial farms, but are less common in recreational gardens. Indeed, they are simple to use on a large scale, but are a bit overkill for a small garden. Still, they are a great hydroponics medium that you should consider.

Hydroponic Drip SystemA basic hydroponic drip system.

Advantages of the drip system

  • High degree of control over feeding and watering schedules
  • Less likely to be damaged
  • Relatively inexpensive

Disadvantages of the drip system

  • Maybe overkill for a small garden
  • Changes in pH and nutrient levels (if using a recirculating system)
  • High waste (if using a waste system)

To learn more, watch the video tutorial:

Alright, you got it. Six main types of hydroponic systems, how they work, and the ups and downs of each.

Whichever strain you choose, your plants will grow fast and tall as long as you take care of them properly. Hydroponics offers incredible flexibility, so even if you run into problems, you’ll have no problem fixing them and getting your plants back on track.

All articles about hydroponic systems

If you want to learn more about hydroponic systems, check out everything I wrote about them on the site:

  • Explanation of the nutrition film technique
  • Deepwater Culture (DWC): what it is and how to start
  • The Kratky Method: How to Grow Food Almost Automatically
  • The Definitive Guide to the Ebb and Flow Hydroponic System

Popular questions about how to use a hydroponic system

how to use a hydroponic system?

The EASIEST Type of Hydroponics System To Setup In a DWC hydro system, you simply fill up a reservoir with your nutrient solution. You then suspend your plant’s roots in that solution so they receive the steady, continuous supply of water, oxygen, and nutrients. Then a continuous oxygen supply is added to the water.

How do you start a hydroponic system at home?

How long should I run my hydroponic system?

30 minute minimum on/off time settings will usually be fine, but 15 minute minimums will give you more flexibility. You’ll need a pump timer for any Ebb & Flow (Flood and Drain) system, Drip system, Aeroponic system, and sometimes some people use them in NFT systems as well.

How do you set up a hydroponic system?

What are 3 disadvantages of hydroponics systems?

5 Disadvantages of Hydroponics
  • Expensive to set up. Compared to a traditional garden, a hydroponics system is more expensive to acquire and build. …
  • Vulnerable to power outages. …
  • Requires constant monitoring and maintenance. …
  • Waterborne diseases. …
  • Problems affect plants quicker.

Do hydroponic plants need sunlight?

Light is required for hydroponics, but not necessarily sunlight. You can grow hydroponically outdoors or in a greenhouse where your plants will get all of the light they need naturally. Or, if you have indoor space with sufficient natural lighting, that will also work.

What are the disadvantage of hydroponic?

Putting together a hydroponic system isn’t cheap. Constant monitoring is required. Hydroponic systems are vulnerable to power outages.

Do hydroponic vegetables taste different?

The short answer to this question is yes, hydroponic food does often taste different than plants grown in soil. However, even different types of soil produce different tasting plants.

Do you need flowing water for hydroponics?

Stagnant water is not well oxygenated, and that leads to a buildup of harmful pathogens and algae. To protect your plants, the water from the reservoir needs to have air flowing through it. The roots then use the oxygen to better absorb nutrients.

How often do you change water in hydroponics?

Full Water Changes

The best time to change your hydroponic water entirely is after you’ve topped it off enough times to fill it fully. For an average-size hydroponic system, you’ll likely need to change your water every two to three weeks.

Should you mist hydroponic plants?

This hydroponics system is usually achieved by suspending the plants on top of a chamber in which the roots hang down and are periodically misted. By misting the nutrients onto the root zone the plants are able to break down and uptake the nutrients more efficiently.

Can you use tap water in hydroponics?

So to answer the original question…can you use tap water for hydroponics? Yes, yes you can – if you treat it properly beforehand! If it has a high PPM, consider running it through a filter or mixing in distilled or reverse osmosis water to dilute the concentration.

How do I start a small hydroponic garden?

I’ll walk you through the steps of starting your hydroponic garden and have included more in-depth information in the links below.
  1. Choosing Plants And Starting Your Seeds. …
  2. Choose A Light Source. …
  3. Choose A Hydroponic Grow Medium. …
  4. Purchase Hydroponic Nutrients & Supplements. …
  5. Purchase A pH Meter & pH Up/Down.

Is PVC safe for hydroponics?

When the right type of PVC is used (uPVC or Rigid PVC), it is perfectly safe for use in gardening, aquaponics, drinking water systems, or other systems where it will come into contact with food or beverages. However, it’s important to avoid over-gluing PVC connections.

Is hydroponic food healthy?

A hydroponic system gives you total control of the nutrients that your plants receive. But are hydroponic nutrients safe for the environment and for the plants themselves? The simple answer is yes…as long as you use the appropriate nutrients and understand how to properly dispose of them.

Video tutorials about how to use a hydroponic system

keywords: #academy., #Agri-business, #Hydroponics, #whatishydroponicsandhowdoesitwork, #hydroponicssystemdesignsforbeginners, #hydroponicsnutrients, #vegetablesinhydroponics, #howtogrowvegetablesinhydroponics, #hydroponiccultivationofvegetables, #hydroponicfarmingdiy, #prosandconsofhydroponicsfarming, #soilvshydroponicswhichisbest, #what, #is, #hydroponics, #how, #does, #it, #work

Hi everyone! In this video, we are going to discuss hydroponics. The basic principles on which hydroponics is based, the different variations thereof as well as some advantages and disadvantages are all going to be covered in this video.

Before we get started, we would like to say thank you for choosing to watch our content. We hope to inspire and educate all our viewers through our videos and if you would like to see more agricultural-related videos, remember to subscribe to our channel. If you like what you hear in this video, then stay tuned to the end for your own copy of our eBook on the ins and outs of hydroponics.

Free Hydroponic eBook:



Free E-Book: 5 Steps to start a Profitable Plant Nursery



Resources we use:

Links in the description might be affiliate links and if you purchase a service, we may receive a commission.

Affiliate links:



New zenler:




This presentation contains images that were used under a Creative Commons License. Click here to see the full list of images and attributions:


All stock footage, audio and other non-original materials used in this video were done so with the use of royalty-free license agreements. This includes, but is not limited to, Camtasia, StoryBlocks, Content Samurai and Artlist.



keywords: #hydroponicsforbeginners

Hydroponics for beginners – The easy way

See more articles in category: FAQS